29 dez ascribed identities are those that we claim for ourselves
However, he or she may not see the underlying reason that it is noticeable—namely, that the overwhelming majority of our country’s leaders are white. Individuals in this stage may also actively try to separate themselves from the dominant group, interacting only with those who share their nondominant identity. Further, they may find it difficult to acknowledge that not being aware of this oppression is due to privilege associated with their dominant identities. There are other important identities that could be discussed, like religion, age, nationality, and class. What would a person who looked at this list be able to tell about you? If we choose to live in our ultimate, true identity as loved sons and daughters of the Living God, all the other identities ascribed to us by others don’t matter as much. Have you ever participated in any diversity training? I think that there is not to much we can do to overcome our ascribed identities. Experts recommend that a company put a staff person in charge of diversity efforts, and some businesses have gone as far as appointing a “chief diversity officer” (Cullen, 2007). If someone holds a high soc… Those of us who are biracial, mixed-race, mulatto— whatever you wish to call us—must claim our own words—even if they don’t ring true for others. Moises, the Chicano man I mentioned earlier, now works to support the Chicano community in his city and also has actively supported gay rights and women’s rights. He also identified as white instead of Mexican American or Chicano because he saw how his teachers treated the other kids with “brown skin.” Additionally, some gay or lesbian people in this stage of identity development may try to “act straight.” In either case, some people move to the next stage, resistance and separation, when they realize that despite their efforts they are still perceived as different by and not included in the dominant group. We have a checkbox for that. Collier, M. J., “Communication Competence Problematics in Ethnic Friendships,” Communication Monographs 63, no. In either case, many people never progress from this stage. There are other important identities that could be discussed, like religion, age, nationality, and class. We can now see that difference matters due to the inequalities that exist among cultural groups and due to changing demographics that affect our personal and social relationships. & Kotthoff, H., 2009). For the purposes of exploring the communicative aspects of culture, we will define culture as the ongoing negotiation of learned and patterned beliefs, attitudes, values, and behaviors. Individuals with dominant identities may not validate the experiences of those in nondominant groups because they do not experience the oppression directed at those with nondominant identities. Tatum, B. D., “The Complexity of Identity: ‘Who Am I?’” in Readings for Diversity and Social Justice, eds. If so, what did you learn or take away from the training? Identities that we claim for ourselves. Additionally, common ways of being and acting within a cultural identity group are expressed through communication. In the United States, the population of people of color is increasing and diversifying, and visibility for people who are gay or lesbian and people with disabilities has also increased. Also, a young African American man may question his teachers or parents about the value of what he’s learning during Black History Month. For example, I consider myself a puzzle lover, and you may identify as a fan of hip-hop music. My photographs, taken on my smartphone, are part of the process of understanding my present self. Sometimes people ascribe an identity to someone else based on stereotypes. Both groups may be restrained from communicating about difference due to norms of political correctness, which may make people feel afraid to speak up because they may be perceived as insensitive or racist. You may see a person who likes to read science-fiction books, watches documentaries, has glasses, and collects Star Trek memorabilia and … These differences are not natural, which can be seen as we unpack how various identities have changed over time in the next section. Our membership may be voluntary (Greek organization on campus) or involuntary (family) and explicit (we pay dues to our labor union) or implicit (we purchase and listen to hip-hop music). Vedantam, S., “Most Diversity Training Ineffective, Study Finds,” The Washington Post, January 20, 2008, accessed October 5, 2011, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/01/19/AR2008011901899_pf.html. Yep, G. A., “My Three Cultures: Navigating the Multicultural Identity Landscape,” in Intercultural Communication: Experiences and Contexts, eds. Although there may still be residual anger from the discrimination and prejudice they have faced, they may direct this energy into positive outlets such as working to end discrimination for their own or other groups. It’s important to remember that these distinctions are being made at the societal level, not the individual level. If the person doesn’t avow that identity, it can create friction, and that label may even hurt the other person’s feelings. Ideology of domination. Culture is “negotiated,” and as we will learn later in this chapter, culture is dynamic, and cultural changes can be traced and analyzed to better understand why our society is the way it is. These positions are occupied regardless of efforts or desire. This example shows how even national identity fluctuates. 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